Tuesday, 24 January 2017

Festival - Delhi Republic Day Padade

Festival - Delhi Republic Day Padade


Delhi Republic Day parade
GenreNational patriotic parade
Begins26 January
Ends26 January
FrequencyAnnual
Location(s)New DelhiIndia
Inaugurated1950
Most recent2016
Previous event26 January 2016
Next event26 January 2017
Organised byMinistry of Defence


Delhi Republic Day parade is the largest and most important parade that marks the Republic Day celebrations in India. The parade takes place every year on 26 January at Rajpath, New Delhi. It is the main attraction of India's Republic Day Celebrations, which extends for 3 days. The parade showcases India's Defence Capability, Cultural and Social Heritage.

Republic Day ParadeEdit

The Lion Capital at Rajpath decorated
President's Body Guards in their winter ceremonial dress
To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina HillRashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence), along the Rajpath, past India Gate. Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a memorial to unknown soldiers at the India Gate at one end of Rajpath, which is followed by two minutes silence in the memory of unknown soldiers. It is a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the country in the freedom movement and the succeeding wars for the defence of sovereignty of their country. Thereafter he/she reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion. They are escorted on horseback by the President's Bodyguard.
First, the president unfurls the National flag, as the National Anthem is played, and a 21-gun salute is given as the PBG renders the National Salute. Next, important awards like the Ashok Chakra and Kirti Chakra are given away by the President, before the regiments of Armed Forces start their march past. The President comes forward to award the medals of bravery to the people from the armed forces for their exceptional courage in the field and also the civilians, who have distinguished themselves by their different acts of valour in different situations. Children who receive the National Bravery Award ride past the spectators on colourfully decorated elephants or vehicles.
Countries invited as chief guests for the Republic Day parade. Erstwhile Yugoslavia (twice invited) has not been depicted in the map.
  5 times (France)
  4 times (Bhutan)
  Thrice (Mauritius, Russia/USSR)
  Twice (Brazil, Indonesia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, UK)
  Once
  Never invited
The unique BSF Camel Contingent during the annual Republic Day Parade in 2004.
Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army in addition to the Navy, and Air Force with their bands march past in all their finery and official decorations. The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various para-military forces of India and other civil forces also take part in this parade. One of the unique sights of the parade is the camel mounted Border Security Force contingent, which is the only camel mounted military force in the world. The best N.C.C. cadets, selected from all over the country consider it an honour to participate in this event, as do the school children from various schools in the capital. They spend many days preparing for the event and no expense is spared to see that every detail is taken care of, from their practice for the drills, the essential props and their uniforms. 22 to 30 floats exhibiting the cultures of the various states and union territories of India, including floats of union ministries and state enterprises are in the grand parade, which is broadcast nationwide on television and radio. These moving exhibits depict scenes of activities of people in those states and the music and songs of that particular state accompany each display. Each display brings out the diversity and richness of the culture of India and the whole show lends a festive air to the occasion. Around 1200 schoolchildren present cultural dances as part of the parade. In 2016, French Army soldiers and French Army Band took part in the 67th Republic Day parade. For the first time since 1950, a foreign army contingent marched down the Rajpath during the Republic Day parade. The 35th Infantry Regiment of 7th Armoured Brigade had been practicing for the parade after it participated in an eight-day joint exercise of Indian and French troops from 8 January. This Republic Day also marked the return of K-9 Dog Squad to the parade after 26 years.
The parade traditionally ends with dare devil motor cycle riding by motorcycle units of the Armed Forces and a flypast by the Indian Air Force jets and helicopters carrying the national flag and the flags of the three services.
Comprising over 25 marching and mounted contingents, various military vehicles, 20 military bands, 30 cultural tableaux and 30 aircraft in addition to cultural performers and 1200 schoolchildren, India's Republic Day Parade in New Delhi is the most spectacular regular parade in the world.
Every part of the country is represented in the parade, which makes the Republic Day parade very popular. And this time the army of France came to India for doing one of their performances. A full dress rehearsal Parade is also organized on 23rd January every year to take stock of the preparedness.

Beating RetreatEdit

Vijay Chowk (Victory Square) at Rajpath, with Secretariat Buildings in the background, New Delhi, the venue of the Beat Retreat ceremony
The Beating Retreat ceremony officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day. It is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian ArmyIndian Navy and Indian Air Force. The venue is Raisina Hills and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked by the north and south block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace) towards the end of Rajpath.
Rashtrapati Bhavan and adjacent buildings, illuminated for the Republic Day.
Madras Regiment marching in the Republic Day parade.
The Chief Guest of the function is the President of India who arrives escorted by the (PBG), a cavalry unit. When the President arrives, the PBG commander asks the unit to give the National Salute, which is followed by playing of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the Army developed the ceremony of display by the massed bands in which Military Bands, Pipe and Drum Bands, Buglers and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments besides bands from the Navy and Air Force take part which play popular tunes like Abide With MeMahatma Gandhi's favourite hymn, and Saare Jahan Se Achcha at the end.

Chief guestEdit

Since 1950, India has been hosting a head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi. During 1950–1954, Republic Day celebrations were organised at different venues (like Irwin Stadium (National Stadium), Kingsway (Rajpath), Red Fort and Ramlila grounds). It was only starting 1955 when the parade in its present form was organised at Rajpath. The guest country is chosen after a deliberation of strategic, economic and political interests. During the 1950s–1970s, a number of NAM and Eastern Bloc countries were hosted by India. In the post-Cold War era, India has also invited several Western leaders on a state visit during the Republic Day. It is notable that before India fought wars with China and Pakistan, leaders from these countries were invited as state guests for the Republic Day celebrations. Interestingly, Pakistan Food and Agriculture Minister was the second state guest from that country for Republic Day in 1965, a few days after which the two countries went to a war. Countries which have been invited multiple times include India's neighbours (Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Mauritius), defence allies (Russia/USSR, France and Britain), trade partners (Brazil) and NAM allies (Nigeria, Indonesia and erstwhile Yugoslavia). France and Bhutan have the distinction of being the guest of honour for the maximum (four) number of times followed by three visits each from Mauritius and USSR/Russia. In 2015, the US President Barack Obama was the Chief Guest at Republic Day celebrations, followed by French president François Hollande during the 2016 Republic Day parade. This year, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan from the United Arab Emirates will be the Chief Guest of the parade.

AwardsEdit

Best marching contingentsEdit

YearBest marching contingent among the three services (led by)Best marching contingent among paramilitary forces and other auxiliary marching contingents
1991Madras Engineer Group (2nd Lt Vivek Jaswal)
1997Madras Engineer Group (Lt Pranay Dangwal)Border Security Force
1998Indo-Tibetan Border Police
1999Indo-Tibetan Border Police
2000Indo-Tibetan Border Police
2001Madras RegimentDelhi Police
2002Delhi Police
2003Madras Engineer GroupDelhi Police
2004Indo-Tibetan Border Police
2005Delhi Police
2006Delhi Police
2007Jat RegimentCentral Industrial Security Force
2008Rajputana RiflesCentral Industrial Security Force
2009Territorial ArmyCentral Reserve Police Force
2010Dogra RegimentCentral Reserve Police Force
2011Indian Air ForceIndo-Tibetan Border Police
2012Indian Air ForceBorder Security Force
2013Indian Air Force and Indian NavyCentral Industrial Security Force
2014Sikh Light InfantryCentral Reserve Police Force
201Brigade of the Guards and Sikh RegimentCentral Industrial Security Force
2016Assam RegimentBorder Security Force

Best three tableauxEdit

YearFirstSecondThird
1980Maharashtra
1981Goa
1983Maharashtra
1988Goa
1989PunjabGoa
1990Goa
1991Goa
1993Maharashtra
1994Maharashtra
1995MaharashtraGoa
2000Goa
2001RajasthanMinistry of RailwaysGujarat and Jammu and Kashmir
2002Jammu and Kashmir
2003GoaAssamUttar Pradesh
2007OrissaMinistry of CultureMaharashtra
2008KeralaKarnatakaMinistry of Human Resource Development
2009KeralaMaharashtraTamil Nadu and Jammu and Kashmir
2010Ministry of CultureGoaChhattisgarh
2011DelhiKarnatakaRajasthan
2012Ministry of Human Resource DevelopmentGoaKarnataka
2013KeralaRajasthanChhattisgarh
2014West BengalTamil NaduAssam
2015MaharashtraJharkhandKarnataka
2016
West BengalTripuraAssam
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